This type of career involves working with business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations. Occupations include accountant, auditor, management analyst, and receptionist.

Skills you'll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and written skills to create and interpret information.
  • Problem solving - analyzing and evaluating issues that relate to business development.
  • Technology - using technology to manage customer relationships.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Economics, Accounting, and Personal Finance
  • Business Law
  • Computer Application
  • Marketing and Management
  • Statistics
Activities and should pursue:
  • DECA - an association of marketing students
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • Mock Trial
  • Speech Team or Debate Team
  • Student Council

This career field involves marketing products and services to appeal to the public and create sales. Examples of occupations include hairstylist and cosmetologist, property and real estate manager, and sales manager.

Skills you'll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and written communication to create marketing materials and to evaluate sales and marketing information.
  • Problem solving - creating marketing strategies that promote services and increase sales.
  • Technical - using systems and tools to evaluate and distribute marketing information.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Art and Graphic Design
  • Accounting, Economics and Management
  • Advertising and Marketing
  • World Language
Activities you should pursue:
  • Class fundraisers and Concession Management
  • DECA – an association of marketing students
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • School Newspaper/Yearbook
  • Student Government

In this career field, you may be involved in financial planning, banking, insurance, and business financial management. Occupations include financial analyst, claims adjuster or examiner, and loan officer.

Skills you'll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and written communication to explain financial situations and options.
  • Problem solving - using math skills to solve personal and corporate finance issues.
  • Technical - using financial tools to explain and maintain financial resources.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Economics, Accounting and Personal Finance
  • Business Law
  • Computer Applications
  • International Business
  • Marketing and Management
  • Mathematics and Statistics
Activities you should pursue:
  • Competitive Business Events
  • DECA – an association of marketing students
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • Local Investment Club

This type of career involves the operation of restaurants, lodging, attractions, recreation events and travel-related services. Occupations include chef, recreation workers and travel agents.

Skills you'll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and written communications skills to promote hospitality and tourism products and services.
  • Problem solving - implementing relevant customer suggestions to improve products and services.
  • Technical - using technology and customer services skills to ensure guest satisfaction.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Accounting, Economics and Marketing
  • Computer Applications
  • Construction and Design
  • Culinary Arts, Food and Nutrition
  • Personal Finance
Activities you should pursue:
  • DECA – an association of marketing students
  • FCCLA (Family, Career and Community Leaders of America)
  • 4-H Food Projects
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • World Language Club

This type of career involves the production, distribution and development of agricultural products and resources. Examples of occupations include farm equipment manager, landscape architect, and veterinary assistant.

Skills and abilities you'll need:
  • Communication - communicating your needs and observations to others, and documenting your work.
  • Problem solving - identifying and describing agricultural problems, and planning and implementing creative solutions.
  • Technology - identifying, selecting and using technology to improve production.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Agribusiness Management
  • Horticulture and Floriculture
  • Nursery/Landscape Design
  • Animal Science
  • Food Service
Activities you should pursue:
  • FA - agricultural education
  • SkillsUSA - a partnership to build a skilled workforce
  • DECA - an association of marketing students
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • 4-H Food Projects

In this type of career, you might be involved in visual and performing arts, writing and publishing, design, and the entertainment industry. Examples of occupations include film and video editor, graphic designer, and interpreter/translator.

Skills you'll need:
  • Communication - effectively using language skills to communicate through print, video and the web.
  • Problem solving - finding unique ways to appeal to the target audience while meeting project objectives.
  • Technology - creatively using new technologies to produce engaging materials, and possessing knowledge of computer programs, video and audio equipment, and other art materials.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Art and Computer Aided Design
  • Debate, Speech and Drama
  • English, Creative Writing and Journalism
  • Multimedia/Video Production
Activities you should pursue:
  • Website Development
  • School Plays or Musicals
  • Debate, Speech Team or Drama Club
  • Yearbook Staff/Photography
  • Choir and Band
  • A/V Club

Careers in this area involve the design, development and support of hardware, software, multimedia, and integration of technology systems. Examples of occupations include computer software engineer, computer programmer, and computer and office machine repairer.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - helping customers using cutting-edge technology.
  • Problem solving - planning, creating and testing new technologies using industry standards.
  • Technical - identifying and comparing IT products and trends using knowledge of IT hardware, software and systems.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Computer Applications, Graphics and Programming
  • Journalism
  • Math
  • Multimedia/Video Production
  • Web Page Design
Activities you should pursue:
  • Website Development
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)

In this career area, you may be involved in patient care, diagnostic services, health information, and medical research. Occupations could include dental hygienist, pharmacist, and registered nurse.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and writing skills to communicate patient care – and demonstrating concern for patients.
  • Problem solving - analyzing the health care needs of patients and working with other health care providers to identify problems and solutions.
  • Technical - understanding and applying safety rules in the work place, and using medical equipment needed for patient care.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Accounting
  • Advanced Biology and Chemistry
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Child Development
  • Health and Wellness
Activities you should pursue:
  • Athletics
  • FCCLA (Family, Career and Community Leaders of America)
  • HOSA (Health Occupations Students of America)
  • Medical Explorers
  • Science Club

This type of career involves designing, constructing, managing and maintaining buildings. Examples of occupations include architect, cost estimator, and heating and cooling system mechanic.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using verbal and visual cues on the jobsite to communicate with coworkers.
  • Problem solving - adjusting designs, plans and construction schedules to respond to unexpected events and weather conditions.
  • Technical - using architect’s plans and manufacturer’s illustrations to visualize the proposed work.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Computer Aided Drafting
  • Construction and Industrial Technology
  • Computer Applications
  • Drafting
  • Math and Science
Activities you should pursue:
  • SkillsUSA – a partnership to build a skilled workforce
  • FBLA (Future Business Leaders of America)
  • Math Club
  • Math Counts

Careers in this area may involve processing raw materials into finished products. Examples of occupations include industrial production managers, tool and die maker, and welder.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - understanding and communicating technical terminology and information.
  • Problem solving - solving manufacturing problems using innovative and creative solutions.
  • Technical - using manufacturing assembling processes that include joining, fastening and bonding.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Automotive Mechanics
  • Cabinetmaking, Electronics and Welding
  • Computer Applications and Programming
  • Industrial Technologies and Manufacturing
  • Math and Science
Activities you should pursue:
  • DECA - an association of marketing students
  • FFA – agricultural education
  • SkillsUSA – a partnership to build a skilled workforce
  • Math Club
  • Science Club

This type of career may involve scientific research and technical services including laboratory testing. Examples of occupations include civil engineer, electronic engineer, and medical scientist.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using verbal, written and multimedia skills to communicate to a select audience.
  • Problem solving - using project management skills to assess the progress of a plan, process or project.
  • Technical - understanding and using technology to accomplish goals in your area of work.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Biology, Chemistry and Earth Science
  • Engineering and Industrial Technology
  • Math
  • Foreign Language
Activities you should pursue:
  • Math Club
  • Math Student Competitions
  • Science Club
  • Science Fairs

This career area involves the movement of people, materials and goods by road, pipeline, air, rail, and water. Examples of occupations include airline pilots, automotive service technicians and mechanics, and storage and transportation managers.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using basic communication skills to express ideas and interpret information.
  • Problem solving - using a structured problem-solving process to improve performance and business functions.
  • Technical - assessing the impact technology has on costs, performance and operations.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Automotive Repair and Diesel Mechanics
  • Computer Aided Drafting
  • Industrial Technology and Welding
  • Math and Science
Activities you should pursue:
  • DECA – an association of marketing students
  • FFA - agricultural education
  • SkillsUSA – a partnership to build a skilled workforce
  • Math Club
  • Math Counts

This career field involves using a variety of learning styles and tools to make complex concepts more understandable. Examples of occupations include school administrators, teachers and teacher assistants.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - customizing verbal and written communication skills to educate students.
  • Problem solving - using scientific thinking and conflict management skills to solve education-related issues.
  • Technical - applying teaching strategies and technology to enhance education.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • English, Writing and Speech
  • Human Development
  • Psychology and Sociology
  • World Language
Activities you should pursue:
  • 4-H Junior Leader
  • Athletics
  • Student Council
  • FCCLA (Family, Career and Community Leaders of America)
  • Future Teachers
  • Peer Mediation
  • Mentor or Tutor

In this type of career, you may be employed in government positions at the local, state and federal levels. Examples of occupations include legislator, social and community service manager, and urban and regional planner.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using communication and negotiation skills to encourage the flow of information and ideas. Knowledge of a second language might be helpful.
  • Problem solving - assessing government activities, programs and organizations to best meet the needs of society.
  • Technical - using financial and informational resources to accomplish public goals.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Business Law
  • English, Speech and Debate
  • Government and Political Science
  • World Language
  • Math
Activities you should pursue:
  • Debate Team, Speech Team and Mock Trial
  • Jr. ROTC
  • Student Council

This type of career you may work with clients to help them improve their quality of life. Occupations include mental health counselor, personal and home care aid, and social and human services assistant.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - using effective verbal and written communication skills to deliver services to a wide range of clients.
  • Problem solving - understanding community issues and identifying solutions to individual and social problems.
  • Technical - identifying, selecting and using cost-effective resources to deliver services to the community.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • Consumer Education
  • Human Development
  • Parenting
  • Personal Finance
  • Psychology and Sociology
Activities you should pursue:
  • FCCLA (Family, Career and Community Leaders of America)
  • Peer Mediation
  • Mentor or Tutor

In this type of career, you may be involved in law, public safety, protective services and homeland security. Examples of occupations include police officer, lawyer and probation officer.

Skills you’ll need:
  • Communication - communicating with a wide variety of people, and handling conflicts using verbal and written communication.
  • Problem solving - analyzing ideas and evaluating solutions to problems using logic and clear reasoning.
  • Technical - using tools and technologies to complete the job.
Courses you should take in high school and college:
  • American Government
  • American History
  • English/Writing
  • Health and Physical Fitness
  • Computer Science
  • Human Development
  • World Language
Activities you should pursue:
  • Athletics
  • Student Council
  • Boys and Girls State
  • FCCLA (Family, Career and Community Leaders of America)
  • 4-H
  • Debate Team
  • Mock Trial
  • Driver’s Education
  • Jr. ROTC